Barkhamsted Lighthouse

This (Really) Little Light Of Mine…
Barkhamsted Lighthouse, Barkhamsted

September 9, 2007

cur7a.jpgThe heading for this whole section of CTMQ is “Curiosities.” And the Barkhamsted Lighthouse is indeed a curiosity. What is it? Why was there a lighthouse in the middle of the forest, 100 miles from the closest open water? And, once there, um… where is this lighthouse anyway?!

After finishing my hikes across the Farmington River’s west branch, I drove down and around to the People’s Forest side up East River Road to find the mysterious lighthouse. I’d read a good deal on this thing, and it was intriguing to say the least. It must be noted that the drive up along the river is beautiful. Peoples Forest contains several trails as well as the creatively named Stone Museum – so I’d be back here. (Stone Museum visit) I found the turnout to park and the trailhead for the Jesse Gerard Trail.

At this point I’m waffling… Do you want to read about the history or the current reality first? The former is very interesting, the latter is not. At all. I guess I’ll go with the current reality. There is a large boulder alongside the road with a bronze plaque embedded into it, noting the importance of the area. I chugged up the Gerard Trail, immediately passing the overgrown foundation of the former Chaugham homestead. The what? Keep reading…

I said, “the overgrown foundation of the former Chaugham homestead!”

Only a minute or two up the hill the trail leveled out and turned right. Off to the right were a few small rocks pointing up out of the ground. This is the Barkhamsted Lighthouse Cemetary and, quite frankly, would be impossible to find if not for the guidebook telling me to find it and the small US flags scattered about. I mulled around the area (respectfully, of course) and then climbed the trail to the top of the hill.

I swung left onto the Robert Ross Trail, then left back down the hill via the Falls Cut-off Trail. This extra walking had a purpose… which would bear itself out a month later when I returned to hike Peoples Forest.

So what’s the big deal? And what does that plaque below say on the boulder? Okay, that one’s easy… it says, “THIS PORTION OF THE PEOPLE’S FOREST WAS GIVEN BY THE CONNECTICUT DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 1929 NEAR THIS SPOT WAS THE SITE OF AN INDIAN VILLAGE.” Yeah, so? Does this “Indian Village” have anything to do with a lighthouse in the woods? Yup…


Sometime around 1740, give or take a few years, there lived in the town of Wethersfield a full-blooded Narragansett Indian who went by the unlikely name of James Chaugham (probably pro- nounced “Shawm” or “Shawn”). Born on far-away Block Island, the young man had somehow found his way to Connecti- cut’s second oldest community, adopted the ways of his white neighbors and, through hard work and a pleasing personality, established himself quite well in their regard. If he fancied the English-sounding name “Chaugham,” they said, why not let him use it?

During this same period, there was growing up in a proper Wethersfield family a young woman named Molly Barber. Like some teenagers from time immemorial, Molly provided her family with almost more headstrong personality than they could handle, particularly when it came to men in her life. One day she announced that she was planning to marry a young man whom she knew her father was not too fond of. As she expected, Mr. Barber denied his daughter permission to marry the man of her choice, whereupon Molly threw an old-fashioned temper tantrum. Among other things, she vowed that if she could not wed her current boyfriend, she would henceforth marry the next fellow who asked for her hand, no matter what kind of person he was or — and she knew this would get to her father — what his racial origins might be.

Well, since Molly promptly began broadcasting her availability around town, it didn’t take long for the word to reach the ears of young James Chaugham. One thing led to another, as they say, and before Mr. Barber could do anything about it, Molly and James were united, privately and secretly, in holy matrimony. Then, maybe to avoid her father’s wrath or ostracism by a disapproving community, or perhaps just to find privacy for their new life together, the newlyweds left Wethersfield and headed north into the howling Connecticut wilderness, up around the Massachusetts border.

Some say that they first moved in with some Indians who lived in a little cabin on top of one of the hills above what is now the Barkhamsted Reservoir. But it is more likely that they picked out a homesite on the side of Ragged Mountain, overlooking the West Branch of the Farmington River, about two miles south of Riverton, in an area which today is part of the Peoples State Forest. In this remote country, with not another permanent neighbor within miles, the Chaughams cleared a plot of land and built themselves a log cabin. It was said to be the first home in the town of Barkhamsted. In this place, the Wethersfield emigrants raised eight children, six of whom grew up, married and continued to live nearby their parents’ house, in what became a veritable village of Chaughams.


From the beginning, they say, the original log dwelling served as a welcome landmark for the occasional travelers passing along the desolate north-south trail which followed the West Branch of the Farmington. Not only did the house have a number of windows, but it was also not very tightly chinked; so the cooking and heating fires burning day and night, winter and summer, glowed so brightly through the various openings that passers-by began to refer to the lonely cabin as the “Barkhamsted Lighthouse.”

In later years, when the Hartford-Albany turnpike was built along the Farmington River, it passed directly below the Chaugham cabin. With the increased interstate traffic, the fame of the Lighthouse spread, because drivers on the stages making their way south over the toll road would always watch anxiously for the light streaming through the walls of the Chaugham cabin, and when they finally saw it, they would shout to the passengers, “There’s Barkhamsted Lighthouse; only five miles more to New Hartford the end of the route.”

Apparently Molly and James got on well with folks in their region, even though their nearest neighbors were probably down in New Hartford. In fact, they say that James Chaugham would always light a signal fire on the top of Ragged Mountain, up behind his cabin, whenever he learned that the New Hartford settlement was under threat of Indian attack. Then the New Hartford residents would gather in the fortified house they had built to protect themselves from the occasional sorties by hostile Indians out of Satan’s Kingdom, and wait for the Indians to appear or the danger to pass. The people of New Hartford had great affection for the keepers of the Barkhamsted Lighthouse.

  • From Legendary Connecticut


    Some of you are saying to yourselves, “Satan’s Kingdom?! Awesome!” Yes, there is a part of New Hartford with that name – and I can guarantee a CTMQ visit or two in the future. I promise. (Promise… kept)

    Although taken from “Legendary Connecticut,” the above story is true. It is told in several books and at the nearby Stone and Barhamstead Historical Museums. (I left out the “After they died there were ghosts and curses” junk.) At any rate, I found that story to be interesting on several levels and am glad I visited.


    For the Curious:

    The Lighthouse Tribe
    American Legion and People’s State Forests
    The Stone Museum

  • 12 responses to “Barkhamsted Lighthouse”

    1. Lizardqueen says:

      Wow, if you’ll go to this then let me recommend the always thrilling “Rochambeau Marker” in beautiful Andover, CT.

    2. Steve says:

      Oh, you can be assured that CTMQ will do something – not quite sure what – with that whole Rochambeau Trail.

    3. Paul says:

      Especially interesting since it seems that James Chaugham was born on Block Island, RI the site of famous and infamous navigational aids/lights.

    4. Catherine says:

      Well it’s kind of nice to hear that for once they weren’t trying to oust an Indian and they actually made him feel welcome! I wonder how many of the children’s children still live in that spot?

    5. Steve says:

      I urge y’all to click on Paul’s name above… I don’t know him, but he sure knows how to take a picture.

    6. linda sturgill says:

      i have a cousin who is a decendant of mary and soloman webster and she is the spitting image of mary who is known to have lived in the lighthouse

    7. Constance Dubois says:

      I want to thank you for putting this on the internet…I’m a descendant of James & “Molly” Chaughum….10 generations down….I’ve been doing extensive genealogy research on this line and love to be able to see the actual place…..THANK YOU~
      The family website is above…..this is only for family members~
      I’ve added your info into my genealogy database….will be sourced to this page~
      Thank You once again

    8. Tammy Wallace says:

      I am a decendant of James Barber, Who’s father was Rueben Barber who was married to Hannah Sands Chaugnum. Rueben’s father was Thomas Barber. James was married to Catherine Beardsley and Nancy Cummings Taylor. I have a will with them in it. They gave land to a John Taylor. I was wondering if I could get more about my grandparents. How do I go about getting my Indian Heritage. I am about 8 generations away from my grandmother Hannah Sands Chaugum.

    9. Cheryll Searles-Davis says:

      I am also a decendant of MaryMarber, Molly’s Daughter and would love to talk to those that have posted that they are also decendants. Cheryll Davis in FB, inbox me!!

    10. Coni Dubois says:

      I have a Facebook group for the Barkhamsted Lighthouse Village Descendants & researchers – I also have a blog where all my research, photo’s and videos can be found on my Quest to find my Native American Roots – my main research is of the Barkhamsted people~

    11. Tom says:

      Just visited this past weekend with my fiancé. What a great roadside curiosity with real history too. Does anybody know when the last people left the village and decided to move on. Amazing that Molly lived for 104!!!!

    12. Carol Smith says:

      I, also, am a descendant of Barber Family, Case and Tuttle…founders of Canton,CT, and builders of the Mill and canal in Collinsville, CT. My grandmother was a Case.

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